As with other parts of the body, bones also get older and can weaken. As mentioned earlier in life and health, one of the most common bone disease it is osteoporosis and occurs more often in women. Here we have drugs that doctors tend to prescribe and other measures you can take to protect the health of your bones.Recall what osteoporosis then discuss medications that treat is: it is a silent disease that affects the bones and occurs because bones have less calcium deposit they need, then weaken and become porous.It is said that osteoporosis is silent because usually does not have symptoms unless it is well advanced. This means that you do not realize you have it. And usually detected when the problem already exists and a fracture (a crack) bone, typically in the hip, wrist or one or more vertebrae of the spine occurs.Currently, there are different types of medications that can help prevent and treat osteoporosis. Your doctor can tell you to take some if you perform a bone density test (which tells you how are your bones) and find that your bones are weak.By the way, before recommending these medicines will determine that no other problems such as hyperparathyroidism, etc. And also make sure that your level of vitamin D in the blood is suitable and you’re getting enough calcium (ideally in your food daily). When this is not possible, it is when calcium supplements are recommended. It is harder to get vitamin D from food and prolonged sun exposure is not recommended.
Among the most used drugs for treating osteoporosis include:
Bisphosphonates: adhere to the bone surface and retard spoilage. That way they can avoid fractures (bone breakage) preserve bone mass and even increase its density. Includes alendronate (Fosamax), ibandronate, risedronate (Actonel) , and zoledronic acid (Reclast). These drugs can have unwanted as vomiting and stomach pain, consult your doctor if you feel these effects. On the other hand, if you must submit to a dental surgery. It is important that you mention your dentist you are taking this medicine.
Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), and raloxifene (Evista): delays the breakdown of old bone and although they are not hormones have an effect on estrogen-like bone but without the risks associated with the hormone. Such as increased chances of breast or uterine cancer. You should avoid taking these medications if you had deep vein thrombosis or a blood clot in a vein. Since this medicine increases this risk.
Hormones: there are alternatives such as pills estrogen (Premarin) and estrogen with progestin (Prempro) reinforce the body’s natural hormones and slow the breakdown of old bone. Teriparatide (Forteo) helps the body make new bone faster than the old deteriorates. Calcitonin also delays the breakdown of old bone.
As in most cases of osteoporosis, it is detected by surprise and when it has already produced a fractured one or more bones. People affected suggest that programs are increased to be prevented and the disease is detected in time.